Common Infectious Diseases in the Middle East

The middle east can be a dangerous place to travel. Different climate and living condition will give rise to different diseases and health threats. Hence, before embarking on any journey, make sure that you have immunized yourself against common diseases prevalent on the region of your destination. Also be sure to purchase a good travel insurance package that will cover for your medical expenses should anything unfortunate befalls you on your trip.Here are some of the Middle Eastern most infectious diseases or viruses you should take note of :

1. Diarrhoea

This diseases is the condition of having three or more loose or liquid bowel movements per day.It is a common cause of death in developing countries and the second most common cause of infant deaths worldwide. The loss of fluids through diarrhea can cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalances.

2. Hepatitis B

Approximately 2 billion people are infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV), making it the most common infectious disease in the world today. Among the symptoms are jaundice, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. In later years, chronic cases might even cause liver cancer and liver failure.

3. Schistosomiasis

Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease that is endemic in many developing countries. Roughly 200 million people worldwide are infected with the flukeworm, whose eggs cause the symptoms of the disease.

 4. Sandfly fever

A  mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasii. They are common in desert regions. The symptoms are quite similar of that associated to common cold, for example chills, fever, musle pains, and bloodshot eyes.

5. Cutaneous leishmaniasis

It is a skin infection caused by a single-celled parasite that is transmitted by sandfly bites. There are about 20 species of Leishmania that may cause cutaneous leishmaniasis. They manifest in the form of nodules, pustules, blistering skin ulcers, and in some severe cases, nerve paralysis.

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